Diagnostic value of CD34 immunostaining in desmoplastic trichilemmoma

J Cutan Pathol. 1998 Sep;25(8):435-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0560.1998.tb01770.x.


Desmoplastic trichilemmoma (DT) is a variant of trichilemmoma, characterized by a central prominent desmoplastic component which may simulate invasive carcinoma. We have studied the morphologic and immunohistochemical features of seven cases of DT. Immunohistochemistry was performed on paraffin sections using monoclonal antibodies to CD34 (QBEND/10), vimentin and GCDFP-15. CD34 was also tested in seven cases of basal cell carcinoma (BCC), three with outer root sheath differentiation and four with morphea-form features, and five squamous cell carcinomas. Histologically, features of conventional trichilemmoma were seen at the periphery of the seven lesions. In contrast, at the center, the epithelial cells tended to cluster in narrow irregular cords and nests entrapped in a dense collagenous stroma. One case of DT coexisted with a BCC. In all cases of DT, epithelial tumor cells showed CD34 immunostaining. All cases of BCC, including the one contiguous to a DT, were CD34 negative. CD34 immunodetection in the epithelial cells of the pseudoinvasive component of DT may be of great value in the differential diagnosis with other desmoplastic tumors of the skin, and particularly with BCC.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Antigens, CD34 / analysis*
  • Apolipoproteins D
  • Apolipoproteins*
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis
  • Carcinoma, Basal Cell / metabolism
  • Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology
  • Carrier Proteins / analysis
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Glycoproteins*
  • Histocytochemistry
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Male
  • Membrane Transport Proteins*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms, Basal Cell / metabolism
  • Neoplasms, Basal Cell / pathology*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Skin / chemistry
  • Skin / pathology
  • Skin Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Skin Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Vimentin / analysis


  • APOD protein, human
  • Antigens, CD34
  • Apolipoproteins
  • Apolipoproteins D
  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Glycoproteins
  • Membrane Transport Proteins
  • PIP protein, human
  • Vimentin