We compared the Sp1 binding activity of Rat2 fibroblasts in nuclear extracts prepared from quiescent cells and cells stimulated with 20% serum. Increased DNA-binding activity was observed in extracts from serum-stimulated cells when an Sp1 oligonucleotide was used as radiolabeled probe in electrophoretic mobility shift assays. This increase in Sp1 DNA-binding activity is not due to changes in the amount of Sp1 in the nucleus as shown by immunoblot analysis. The transcriptional activity of a reporter construct containing six Sp1 sites upstream of a minimal adenovirus promoter or an Sp1-dependent promoter such as ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) containing Sp1 sites was enhanced following serum stimulation in transient transfection assays. Dephosphorylation of the nuclear extracts with potato acid phosphatase abolished the Sp1 DNA-binding activity, demonstrating a possible correlation between phosphorylation of Sp1 and DNA-binding activity. These results implicate a potential role for Sp1 in mediating signal transduction pathways in response to mitogenic signals.
Copyright 1998 Academic Press.