Twenty-six split-brain rhesus monkeys learned and remembered 8 go/no-go discriminations of monkey faces significantly better with the right hemisphere than with the left. Four discriminations required differentiating individual identity with expression held constant, and 4 required discriminating facial expression with identity held constant. There was no significant difference in the degree of laterality shown for these 2 types of problems. Female monkeys were more lateralized for learning to discriminate faces than were males. This sex difference in laterality was significant for learning but not for memory. Laterality for the facial discriminations was not significantly related to handedness of the monkeys. Overall, rhesus monkeys, like humans, show a right-hemispheric superiority for facial processing.