Is neuronal nitric oxide involved in adjuvant-induced joint inflammation?

Eur J Pharmacol. 1998 Oct 16;359(1):87-93. doi: 10.1016/s0014-2999(98)00618-9.


Several reports have described a role of macrophagic, endothelial and synoviocytal nitric oxide (NO) in inflammation, immunity and sensory processes in joint diseases. In view of the role of the peripheral nervous system in arthritis and owing to the presence of NO-producing neurons in primary sensory neurons, we have investigated the possible role of neuronal NO during adjuvant-induced joint inflammation in rats. Neural nitric oxide synthase production in sensory ganglia and the spinal cord was investigated by in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry. Neuronal NO synthase mRNA expression and neuronal NO synthase immunoreactivity increased in lumbar dorsal root ganglia in arthritic rats compared to those of normal rats, whereas neuronal NO synthase mRNA expression decreased in lamina X and lamina I-II of the lumbar spinal cord. The administration of the selective neuronal NO synthase inhibitor 7-nitro indazole, reduced the joint inflammation, whereas the administration of the inducible NO synthase selective inhibitor, aminoguanidine, had no effect on inflammation when administered daily from the third day after adjuvant. These findings could indicate a role for neural NO in adjuvant arthritis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arthritis, Experimental / chemically induced
  • Arthritis, Experimental / enzymology*
  • Arthritis, Experimental / metabolism
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Ganglia, Spinal / enzymology*
  • Ganglia, Spinal / pathology
  • Guanidines / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Neurons / metabolism*
  • Nitric Oxide / metabolism*
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase / metabolism*
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Spinal Cord / enzymology
  • Spinal Cord / pathology


  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Guanidines
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase
  • Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
  • Nos2 protein, rat
  • pimagedine