Imaging of giant pituitary adenomas

Neuroradiology. 1998 Oct;40(10):651-5. doi: 10.1007/s002340050657.

Abstract

We present five proven giant pituitary adenomas studied by CT and MRI, and review the clinical and imaging findings. Our aim was to examine the radiologic appearances and to search for criteria useful in distinguishing these tumors from other sellar and suprasellar tumours, mainly craniopharyngioma. The main differences from small adenomas were high prevalence of macrocysts, a more invasive behaviour and a clinical picture dominated by mass effect rather than endocrine disturbance. Factors supporting the diagnosis of pituitary adenoma in a giant intra- and suprasellar mass include: infrasellar extension, absence of calcification and presence of low-signal cysts on T1-weighted images.

MeSH terms

  • Adenoma / diagnosis*
  • Adenoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pituitary Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Pituitary Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Prolactinoma / diagnosis
  • Prolactinoma / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed