Description and targeted deletion of 5' hypersensitive site 5 and 6 of the mouse beta-globin locus control region

Blood. 1998 Dec 1;92(11):4394-403.


The most upstream hypersensitive site (HS) of the beta-globin locus control region (LCR) in humans (5' HS 5) and chickens (5' HS 4) can act as an insulating element in some gain of function assays and may demarcate a beta-globin domain. We have mapped the most upstream HSs of the mouse beta-globin LCR and sequenced this region. We find that mice have a region homologous to human 5' HS 5 that is associated with a minor HS. In addition we map a unique HS upstream of 5' HS 5 and refer to this novel site as mouse 5' HS 6. We have also generated mice containing a targeted deletion of the region containing 5' HS 5 and 6. We find that after excision of the selectable marker in vivo, deletion of 5' HS 5 and 6 has a minimal effect on transcription and does not prevent formation of the remaining LCR HSs. Taken together these findings suggest that the most upstream HSs of the mouse beta-globin LCR are not necessary for maintaining the beta-globin locus in an active configuration or to protect it from a surrounding repressive chromatin environment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chickens
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Globins / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Multigene Family*
  • Sequence Analysis
  • Sequence Deletion*
  • Transcription, Genetic*


  • Globins

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF071080