Control of vascular endothelial growth factor angiogenic activity by the extracellular matrix

Biol Cell. 1998 Sep;90(5):381-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1768-322x.1998.tb01047.x.

Abstract

In adult vessels the proliferation rate of differentiated endothelial cells is very low. In response to several environmental stimuli the expression of so-called 'angiogenic factors' is upregulated and the messenger RNAs are actively translated in secreted factors which induce the proliferation of endothelial cells; the digestion of their basement membrane then allows their migration and differentiation. Considerable progress has been made during the past years in elucidating the molecular actors of angiogenesis. Vascular endothelial growth factor turned out to represent the major inducer of angiogenesis. Optional splicing of its pre-messenger RNA generates various isoforms which differ not only by their storage in the extracellular matrix but also by their signaling pathways.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Embryo, Mammalian / blood supply
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / biosynthesis
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / genetics
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / physiology*
  • Extracellular Matrix / physiology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Lymphokines / biosynthesis
  • Lymphokines / genetics
  • Lymphokines / physiology*
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / physiopathology
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic / physiology*
  • Placenta Growth Factor
  • Pregnancy Proteins / physiology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / physiology
  • RNA Precursors / metabolism
  • RNA Splicing
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / physiology
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / physiology
  • Receptors, Growth Factor / physiology
  • Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor
  • Signal Transduction
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor B
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor D
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-3
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors

Substances

  • Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Lymphokines
  • PGF protein, human
  • Pregnancy Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • RNA Precursors
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Receptors, Growth Factor
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor B
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor D
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Placenta Growth Factor
  • Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-3