Plasmodium falciparum merozoites have an array of 2-3 subpellicular microtubules, designated f-MAST. We have previously shown that colchicine inhibits merozoite invasion of erythrocytes, indicating a microtubular involvement in this process. Colchicine inhibition of invasion was reduced by the Taxol-stabilization of merozoite microtubules prior to colchicine exposure. Immunofluorescence assays showed that the number and length of f-MASTs were reduced in colchicine-treated merozoites, confirming that microtubules were the target of colchicine inhibition. The dinitroaniline drugs, trifluralin and pendimethalin, were shown by immunofluorescence to depolymerize the f-MAST and both drugs were inhibitory in invasion assays. These results demonstrate that the integrity of the f-MAST is important for successful invasion. Fluorescence imaging demonstrated the alignment of mitochondria to f-MAST, suggesting that mitochondrial transport might be perturbed in merozoites with disorganized f-MAST. Depolymerizing mt in late-stage schizonts did not affect the allocation of mitochondria to merozoites.