Potential value of urinary intercellular adhesion molecule-1 determination in patients with bladder cancer

Urology. 1998 Dec;52(6):1015-9. doi: 10.1016/s0090-4295(98)00377-x.


Objective: Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is known to play a role in immunity against bladder cancer and can be detected in the supernatants of cultured bladder cancer cells that constitutively express ICAM-1. This study was performed to examine the relevance of the ICAM-1 urine test in patients with bladder cancer.

Methods: A total of 53 patients with bladder carcinoma, 35 with history of bladder cancer, and 30 normal control subjects were included in this analysis. Urinary ICAM-1 (ulCAM-1) levels were measured by immunoassay and corrected for hydration status.

Results: Levels of ulCAM-1 were significantly elevated in patients with bladder cancer or those at tumor-free status compared with normal control subjects (P=0.001). However, there was no apparent difference between the two groups of urothelial disorders (P >0.1). ulCAM-1 did not correlate with clinicopathologic variables of bladder cancer or patient outcome (P >0.1). Six patients at tumor-free status had multiple ulCAM-1 determinations during the study period. Three of these 6 patients had elevated ulCAM-1 levels and proved to have recurrent tumors; 3 of the 6 had stable ulCAM-1 levels and were still free of disease.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that urinary excretion of ICAM-1 is elevated in the early stage of bladder carcinogenesis, but is independent of biologic properties of bladder cancer. Serial monitoring of ulCAM-1 may be helpful in selecting patients who are at risk of tumor recurrence.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / urine*
  • Humans
  • Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 / urine*
  • Middle Aged
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / urine*


  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1