The monoclonal antibody HCA2 recognises a broadly shared epitope on selected classical as well as several non-classical HLA class I molecules

Mol Immunol. 1998 Sep;35(13):819-27. doi: 10.1016/s0161-5890(98)00077-7.


HCA2 is a widely used monoclonal antibody, thought to be highly selective for HLA-A and -G heavy chains. We demonstrate here that it also shows affinity to HLA-B73 and HLA-E molecules on intact cells. By comparing the differences in the amino acid (AA) sequences of several HLA class I alleles that are either recognised or not recognised by HCA2, a likely epitope of HCA2 has been deduced. It extends from position 76 to position 83 of the alpha1-domain. In intact cells, the solvent-exposed AA in positions 76 (Ala, Val, or Met), 80 (Asn or Thr) and 83 (Gly) are likely to constitute the recognition region. Inhibition experiments with peptides spanning the region of the alpha1-domain from position 74 to 85 of various HLA class I heavy chains prove that HCA2 recognizes a broadly shared epitope on HLA-E, -F and -G molecules as well as selected HLA-A, -B and -C antigens.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal*
  • Antibody Specificity
  • Binding Sites / genetics
  • Cell Line
  • Epitopes / chemistry
  • Epitopes / genetics
  • HLA Antigens / chemistry
  • HLA Antigens / genetics
  • HLA-B Antigens / chemistry
  • HLA-B Antigens / genetics
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / chemistry*
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / genetics
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Models, Molecular
  • Protein Conformation
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Transfection


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Epitopes
  • HLA Antigens
  • HLA-B Antigens
  • HLA-B73 antigen
  • HLA-E antigen
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I