Two cases of recurrent pilocytic astrocytoma with leptomeningeal dissemination (LMD) are described. A 6-year-old boy presented with a cerebellar tumor, which was subtotally removed. Tumor recurrence with LMD occurred 4 years later. Reoperation for tumor removal followed by craniospinal irradiation stabilized the LMD over 5 years. A 4-year-old girl presented with a chiasmatic-hypothalamic tumor. Partial removal of the tumor was followed by radiation therapy. Tumor regrowth with LMD occurred 4 years later and was managed by reoperation, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Tumor recurrence with LMD can be stabilized by multimodal treatment without tumor progression.