Fundoplication and gastrostomy are among the most frequently performed procedures in infants and children. A laparoscopic approach with decreased morbidity has made fundoplication (with or without gastrostomy) more acceptable for patients who have significant gastroesophageal reflux disorders. Diagnostic evaluations to determine the presence of pathological gastroesophageal reflux have remained the same for patients being considered for open or laparoscopic procedures. Gastrostomy alone also is performed for patients who have swallowing difficulties or failure to thrive, after excluding the presence of gastroesophageal reflux. The authors review the indications and techniques of laparoscopic fundoplication and gastrostomy, as well as their experience with 390 patients.