Children's exposure to traffic and pedestrian injuries

Am J Public Health. 1998 Dec;88(12):1840-3. doi: 10.2105/ajph.88.12.1840.


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to estimate children's exposure to traffic (number of streets crossed) and to determine the role of exposure in pedestrian injury.

Methods: Questionnaires were distributed to a random sample of 4080 first- and fourth-grade children in 43 Montreal schools.

Results: When analyzed by police district, injury and exposure rates were positively correlated (r2 = 0.53). Crossings were similar by sex but increased with age and were inversely related to socioeconomic status.

Conclusions: These results suggest that although children's exposure to traffic could be reduced by transporting them to school, a more reasonable prevention strategy involves environmental changes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic / prevention & control
  • Accidents, Traffic / statistics & numerical data*
  • Age Distribution
  • Automobile Driving / statistics & numerical data*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Environmental Exposure / analysis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Quebec
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Distribution
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Urban Health
  • Walking / statistics & numerical data*
  • Wounds and Injuries / etiology*
  • Wounds and Injuries / prevention & control