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, 275 (6), G1423-9

Intrahepatic STAT-3 Activation and Acute Phase Gene Expression Predict Outcome After CLP Sepsis in the Rat

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Intrahepatic STAT-3 Activation and Acute Phase Gene Expression Predict Outcome After CLP Sepsis in the Rat

K M Andrejko et al. Am J Physiol.

Abstract

Interleukin-6 (IL-6) regulates hepatic acute phase responses by activating the transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)-3. IL-6 also may modulate septic pathophysiology. We hypothesize that 1) STAT-3 activation and transcription of alpha2-macroglobulin (A2M) correlate with recovery from sepsis and 2) STAT-3 activation and A2M transcription reflect intrahepatic and not serum IL-6. Nonlethal sepsis was induced in rats by single puncture cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) and lethal sepsis via double-puncture CLP. STAT-3 activation and A2M transcription were detected at 3-72 h and intrahepatic IL-6 at 24-72 h following single-puncture CLP. All were detected only at 3-16 h following double-puncture CLP and at lower levels than following single-puncture CLP. Loss of serum and intrahepatic IL-6 activity after double-puncture CLP correlated with mortality. Neither intrahepatic nor serum IL-6 levels correlated with intrahepatic IL-6 activity. STAT-3 activation following single-puncture CLP inversely correlated with altered transcription of gluconeogenic, ketogenic, and ureagenic genes. IL-6 may have both beneficial and detrimental effects in sepsis. Fulminant sepsis may decrease the ability of hepatocytes to respond to IL-6.

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