Purpose: We tried to clarify the role of fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and those receptors (FGF-Rs) in cell proliferation of human prostate cancer.
Methods: The mRNA expression of FGF1, FGF2, FGF7, FGF-R1, FGF-R2 (IIIb), and FGF-R2 (IIIc) was investigated by RT-PCR in androgen sensitive cells (LNCaP), androgen-independent cells (PC3) and primary cultured stromal (PS) and epithelial cells (PE) from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Expression of the mRNA of FGF-R1, FGF-R2 (IIIb) and FGF-R2 (IIIc) in human prostate cancer tissue was similarly analyzed. Furthermore, the level of FGF-R1 expression in human prostate cancer was measured by semi-quantitative RT-PCR.
Results: FGF-R1 mRNA was detected in LNCaP, PC3 and the primary cultured stromal cells of BPH. FGF-R2 (IIIb) was seen in LNCaP cells and the primary cultured epithelial cells of BPH, while FGF-R2 (IIIc) was only observed in PC3. FGF1 mRNA was expressed in LNCaP and PC3, while FGF2 mRNA was in PC3 alone. The expression of FGF7 mRNA was detected only in the primary cultured stromal cells. Of 17 patients with human prostate cancer, FGF-R2 (IIIb) was detected in 2 and FGF-R2 (IIIc) in 15. Histological type of two cases having FGF-R2 (IIIb) were well differentiated adenocarcinoma. The mRNA levels of FGF-R1 in poorly and moderately differentiated types were significantly higher than those in well differentiated ones (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: These findings suggest that several changes of expression in FGFs and FGF-Rs may correlate with malignant progression of human prostate cancer.