Radio-opaque markers for stereotactic imaging of uveal melanoma

Br J Radiol. 1998 Jun;71(846):630-3. doi: 10.1259/bjr.71.846.9849386.


In in vitro and in vivo studies, episclerally sutured radio-opaque markers were evaluated as localizers for better determination of the clinical tumour volume prior to stereotactic radio-therapy of uveal melanoma. Four different types of markers were studied in vitro: tantalum marker, 2.5 mm in diameter; ring-shaped markers custom-designed in polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), 2.6 mm and 3.0 mm in diameter; and barium-impregnated silicone rubber spheres, 2 mm in diameter. In vivo PMMA markers 3.0 mm in diameter and barium-impregnated silicone rubber spheres 2 mm in diameter were used. The best results were obtained with the barium-impregnated silicone rubber spheres both in vitro and in vivo. For the CT-delineation of selected uveal melanomas with either a flat discoid shape or flat tumour extensions or when adjacent serous retinal detachment is present, small episclerally sutured barium-impregnated silicone rubber spheres are useful as localizers for determining the clinical tumour volume.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement
  • Melanoma / diagnostic imaging*
  • Metals
  • Polymethyl Methacrylate
  • Stereotaxic Techniques
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*
  • Uveal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*


  • Metals
  • Polymethyl Methacrylate