Cloning and functional characterisation of the mouse P2X7 receptor

FEBS Lett. 1998 Nov 13;439(1-2):26-30. doi: 10.1016/s0014-5793(98)01332-5.


We have isolated a 1785-bp complementary DNA (cDNA) encoding the murine P2X7 receptor subunit from NTW8 mouse microglial cells. The encoded protein has 80%, and 85% homology to the human and rat P2X7 subunits, respectively. Functional properties of the heterologously expressed murine P2X7 homomeric receptor broadly resembled those of the P2X7 receptor in the native cell line. However, marked phenotypic differences were observed between the mouse receptor, and the other P2X7 receptor orthologues isolated with respect to agonist and antagonist potencies, and the kinetics of formation of the large aqueous pore.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Benzoxazoles
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary / analysis
  • DNA, Complementary / isolation & purification
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Fluorescent Dyes / pharmacokinetics
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Quinolinium Compounds
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2 / genetics*
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2 / physiology
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2X7
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid


  • Benzoxazoles
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • P2RX7 protein, human
  • P2rx7 protein, mouse
  • P2rx7 protein, rat
  • Quinolinium Compounds
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2X7
  • YO-PRO 1