Contraceptive use in South Africa under apartheid

Demography. 1998 Nov;35(4):421-34.


In this paper, patterns of contraceptive use among black South African women in the late 1980s are examined. Multilevel logit models are used to evaluate the extent to which segregation of the African population into homelands gave rise to uneven patterns of contraceptive use; how this pattern was shaped by variations in family-planning acceptability; and the way in which the system of male labor migration and social and economic inequities across communities affected women's use of contraceptives. Results show that variation in contraceptive use across homeland areas diminished with the addition of community controls for development and migration. Controlling for unobserved heterogeneity indicated that localized conditions could offset the advantages or disadvantages of living in a former homeland.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Black People
  • Black or African American* / statistics & numerical data
  • Contraception Behavior* / ethnology
  • Contraception Behavior* / statistics & numerical data
  • Emigration and Immigration / statistics & numerical data
  • Family Planning Services / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prejudice*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • South Africa