Expression of the cobalamin biosynthetic (cob) and 1,2-propanediol utilization (cob/pdu) regulon of Salmonella typhimurium LT2 is controlled at the transcriptional level by global and specific regulatory proteins. In this paper we show that mutations in the mviA gene negatively affect cob/pdu transcription in response to 1,2-propanediol in the environment. The effects of mviA mutations were consistent with its role in the regulation of RpoS levels in the cell. Null mutations in rpoS eliminated the negative effect of mviA mutations on cob/pdu transcription, and restored growth on succinate, propionate and 1,2-propanediol. In addition, mviA mutants were deficient in the utilization of succinate, propionate and 1,2-propanediol as carbon and energy sources.