At pH 7.05 NADH-X prepared by incubating NADH with glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (E.C. 184.108.40.206) was a potent noncompetitive inhibitor, with respect to coenzyme, of NADPH oxidation by pure rabbit muscle cytosolic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (E.C. 220.127.116.11) and also a potent inhibitor of NADPH oxidation catalyzed by this enzyme in a rat pancreatic islet cytosolic fraction. It was a much less potent inhibitor of NADPH oxidation catalyzed by this enzyme in a rat liver cytosolic fraction and of NADH oxidation catalyzed by this enzyme from all three sources. Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase purified from muscle cytosol contains tightly bound NADH-X, NAD, and ADP-ribose, each in amounts of about 0.1 mol per mole of enzyme polypeptide chain. A deproteinized supernatant of this enzyme contained these three ligands and produced the same type of inhibition of the enzyme described above for prepared NADH-X with a Ki, in the reaction with NADPH at pH 7.05, in the range of 0.2 microM with respect to the total concentration of ligands ([ADP-ribose] + [NAD] + [NADH-X] = 0. 2 microM). However, only the NADH-X component could account for the potent inhibition because NAD, ADP-ribose, and the primary acid product (which can be produced from NADH-X) each had a Ki considerably higher than 0.2 microM. Although at pH 7.05 NADH-X inhibited NADPH oxidation considerably more than NADH oxidation, the reverse was the case at pH 7.38. Since the enzyme purified from muscle contains tightly bound NADH-X, NADH-X might become attached to the enzyme in vivo where it could play a role in regulating the ratio of NADH to NADPH oxidation of the enzyme.
Copyright 1998 Academic Press.