Background and objectives: Anti-DW is a rare specificity that detects an antigen on DVa red blood cells (RBCs). Some anti-DW contain an inseparable component that cross-reacts weakly with RBCs expressing the low-incidence Rh antigen Rh32. RH32 is expressed by RBCs with either the R=Nor the DBT phenotype.
Case report: We describe here an antibody found in the serum of 2 patients that reacts equally well with RBCs possessing either DVa, R=N, or DBT phenotypes. The reactivity for DW and Rh32 antigens could not be separated by adsorption onto and elution from DW+Rh32- or from DW-Rh32+ RBCs.
Conclusions: We suggest that amino acids encoded by nucleotides at the junction of exon 4 of RHD to exon 5 of RHCE may induce a conformation that is recognized by these equally reactive inseparable antibodies. Until such time that the epitope recognized by these antibodies is defined, we recommend use of the descriptive name anti-DW/Rh32.