Background: Conventional peritoneal dialysis fluids (PDF) have been shown to compromise the function of both leukocytes and human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMC). Various in vitro studies have identified the low initial pH in combination with high lactate content, as well as the hyperosmolality and high glucose concentration present in currently used solutions as the primary determinants of their bioincompatibility. Bicarbonate buffered PDF (at neutral pH) display improved in vitro biocompatibility as compared to conventional, lactate buffered PDF. However, little information is currently available regarding the potential impact of PDF on the function of human peritoneal fibroblasts (HPFB), the major cell population present in peritoneal interstitium.
Methods: The current study compares the effect of bicarbonate and lactate buffered PDF in a model system of resting peritoneal mesothelial cells and fibroblasts cultured from human omentum. Interleukin-1 beta-stimulated IL-6 release from HPMC and HPFB was used as the cell functional parameter.
Results: While short (30 min) pre-exposure to lactate buffered PDF significantly reduced the IL-1 beta-stimulated IL-6 release from HPMC during a subsequent recovery period (24 hr), a significant decrease in HPMC IL-6 secretion with bicarbonate buffered PDF was only observed after prolonged (> or = 60 min) exposure. In contrast, no significant IL-6 inhibition was detected with HPFB pre-exposed to PDF for up to 90 minutes. A significant suppression of HPFB IL-6 secretion was only observed in coincubation experiments (24 hr) with dilutions of both types of PDF.
Conclusions: These results indicate that (i) bicarbonate buffered PDF are less inhibitory to peritoneal cell function as compared to conventional, lactate buffered PDF; and (ii) HPFB may be more resistant than HPMC to bioincompatible PDF.