Use of iohexol clearance has been described as the gold standard for the measurement of glomerular filtration rate (GFR). It is suggested that multiple plasma sampling following iohexol injection is required to accurately determine GFR by area under plasma clearance curve. The aim of this study was to determine whether single plasma sampling 4 h after injection of iohexol could accurately determine GFR in diabetic patients with mild to moderate renal failure, compared to multiple plasma sampling. A total of 120 GFR determinations in 36 patients with non-insulin dependent diabetic renal disease were done over 1 year. No acute deterioration was seen in renal function following injection of contrast in any patient. Strong correlation in GFR measurement was observed between the multiple plasma sampling method and the single plasma sampling method (r2 = 0.975). Single plasma sampling 4 h after bolus injection of iohexol is a safe and accurate method of determining GFR and change in GFR in diabetic subjects with mild to moderate renal impairment.