Genetic regulation of storaage protein content in maize endosperm

Biochem Genet. 1976 Aug;14(7-8):641-50. doi: 10.1007/BF00485842.


Sodium dodecylsulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis reveals that zein prepared from normal maize inbred (Zea mays L.) contains six separable components. Z1 and Z2 are the predominant species, with molecular weights of 21,800 and 19,000 daltons. Amino acid analysis of these two components shows that both are rich in glutamic acid, leucine, and proline, but low in lysine. Of the four minor bands, Z3, Z4, Z5, and Z6, the latter two exist only in trace amounts. A mutation at the opaque-2 locus severely suppresses the synthesis of Z1. The nonallelic mutant, opaque-7, strongly suppresses the synthesis of Z3 and Z4, while slightly reducing Z2. On the other hand, the floury-2 mutant appears to reduce the synthesis of these six proteins in the same relative proportion. In the double mutant combinations, opaque-2 apparently is epistatic to opaque-7 and floury-2 in the synthesis of zein components. The glutelin fraction shows a more complex banding pattern; however, qualitative differences are not apparent among the mutant lines examined.

MeSH terms

  • Alleles*
  • Amino Acids / analysis
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Genes*
  • Homozygote
  • Molecular Weight
  • Mutation
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism*
  • Plants / metabolism*
  • Species Specificity
  • Zea mays / metabolism


  • Amino Acids
  • Plant Proteins