Endovascular treatment of spinal vascular malformations

Neurosurg Clin N Am. 1999 Jan;10(1):47-71.


Endovascular treatment is considered as the first choice of treatment for most cases of spinal vascular malformations. Clinical presentation, natural history, and origin of symptoms are briefly described on spinal cord arteriovenous malformations, spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas, epidural fistulas, and paraspinal fistulas. Pretherapeutic evaluation, materials and technique for embolization, post-therapeutic management, results, and follow-up are discussed for each disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arteriovenous Malformations / diagnosis
  • Arteriovenous Malformations / surgery*
  • Embolization, Therapeutic
  • Humans
  • Spinal Cord / blood supply*
  • Vascular Surgical Procedures / methods*