Physical therapy: exercises and the modalities: when, what, and Why?

Neurol Clin. 1999 Feb;17(1):75-89. doi: 10.1016/s0733-8619(05)70115-8.


This article reviews the evidence for using modalities and/or exercise treatment in patients with nonspecific low back pain. Poor evidence of efficacy exists for the use of modalities in this patient group. Exercises are beneficial for patients with subacute and chronic nonspecific low back pain. Further studies are needed for type, frequency, duration, and intensity of exercises.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Exercise Therapy*
  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain / etiology
  • Low Back Pain / rehabilitation*
  • Patient Care Team
  • Physical Therapy Modalities*
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Treatment Outcome