A case of intrauterine infection by human parvovirus B19 (HPV B19) manifested as ascites during pregnancy is presented. Ascites was diagnosed by ultrasound at 27 weeks' gestation. A caesarean section was performed at 37 weeks'. owing to affected mobility of the fetus. A pale, female infant with low haemoglobin and bradycardia was delivered. Polymerace Chain Reaction (PCR) lab tests revealed that the mother and the fetus were infected by HPV B19. The neonate was born with low haemoglobin (Hb = 10 g/dl) and with ascites; it was discharged in good general condition 50 days after delivery.