Stable centromeric breakage in non-acrocentric chromosomes and balanced reciprocal translocation mosaicism are both rare events. We studied a family in which the mother had mosaicism for a balanced reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 10 and 16 which was associated with a break in chromosome 16 centromere alpha-satellite DNA ¿146,XX,t(10;16)(q11.2;q11.1) /46,XX¿. The derivative chromosome 16 contained only a very small amount of 16 alpha-satellite DNA while the derivative 10 contained all of the 10 alpha-satellite DNA as well as a large amount of the 16 alpha-satellite DNA. The same translocation was present in all cells in her son who was found prenatally to have trisomy 16 mosaicism ¿46,XY,t(10;16) (q11.2;q11.1)mat/47,idem,+16¿. Trisomy 16 cells were subsequently determined to be confined to the placenta. DNA polymorphism analyses in the family demonstrated maternal uniparental disomy for chromosome 16 in the diploid child. The child, at age 7 months, had minor facial anomalies similar to a previously reported case of maternal uniparental disomy for chromosome 16. In addition to illustrating several rare events, this family further demonstrated that substantial deletion of the centromeric alpha-satellite DNA does not impair centromere function and both mitotic and meiotic stability are retained in such cases.