In this study, regional diastolic patterns and their relations with transmitral Doppler inflow were investigated in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) by pulsed Doppler tissue imaging (DTI). Doppler echocardiography and DTI of basal septum and lateral wall (apical 4-chamber view) were performed in 20 patients (15 men and 5 women) with HC and in 10 healthy subjects (7 men and 3 women). Diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery and valvular disease, mitral regurgitation, New York Heart Association functional classes III to IV, sinus tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, and inadequate echocardiograms were exclusion criteria. Peak velocity and time-velocity integral of early and late waves and their ratios, and deceleration and isovolumic relaxation times were determined by standard Doppler and by DTI at the septal and lateral wall levels. The 2 groups were comparable for age, heart rate, blood pressure, and ejection fraction. Transmitral peak velocity and time-velocity integral E/A ratios were reduced (both p <0.05) and deceleration and isovolumic relaxation times prolonged (both p <0.00001) in HC. Septal DTI showed lower peak velocity and time-velocity integral e/a ratios (p <0.00001 and p <0.001, respectively) and lengthened regional deceleration (p <0.01) and isovolumic (p <0.001) relaxation times. DTI of the lateral wall showed a prolongation of deceleration and isovolumic relaxation times (both p <0.01). By dividing HC according to transmitral E/A, 8 patients with E/A <1 had lower DTI septal e/a ratio (p <0.01) and prolonged septal deceleration and isovolumic relaxation times (both p <0.01) but no changes in DTI pattern of lateral wall than 12 patients with E/A > 1. In conclusion, DTI is useful and complementary to standard Doppler imaging to characterize diastolic properties in HC, reflecting a typical pattern of intramyocardial impaired relaxation at the level of hypertrophied septum and also providing information about the degree of this regional impairment. The lateral wall presents minor changes in diastolic times, which indicate how diastolic asynchrony is not confined to the hypertrophied segment in HC.