Acute effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPSS) procedure on renal blood flow and cardiopulmonary hemodynamics in cirrhosis

Am J Gastroenterol. 1998 Dec;93(12):2463-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1572-0241.1998.00705.x.


Objective: An acute increase in portal pressure is associated with an immediate reduction in renal blood flow. It has been suggested that this supports the presence of an hepatorenal reflex. In this study, we used TIPSS placement as a model to investigate the effect of an acute reduction in portal pressure on renal blood flow and cardiopulmonary hemodynamic parameters.

Methods: Eleven cirrhotic patients were studied during elective TIPSS placement for variceal hemorrhage (n = 9) or refractory ascites (n = 2). Unilateral renal blood flow (RBF) was measured before and at 5, 15, 30, 45, and 60 min after shunt insertion. Heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), right atrial pressure (RAP), mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAP), pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP), cardiac output (CO), and systemic vascular resistance (SVR) were also measured before and 30 min after TIPSS placement.

Results: Despite significant increases in CO (p = 0.001), RAP (p < 0.001), PAP (p < 0.001), and PCWP (p = 0.001), and a fall in SVR (p = 0.003), no change was observed in RBF, HR, or MAP after TIPSS placement. The fall in the portoatrial pressure gradient correlated only with the rise in CO (p < 0.05) and the drop in SVR (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Despite the fall in portal pressure and the systemic hemodynamic changes caused by TIPSS placement, there is no immediate effect on RBF. Any improvement in renal function after TIPSS procedure does not appear to be due to an acute increase in RBF.

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Coronary Circulation / physiology*
  • Female
  • Hemodynamics / physiology
  • Humans
  • Liver Cirrhosis / physiopathology
  • Liver Cirrhosis / therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Portal Vein / physiopathology
  • Portasystemic Shunt, Transjugular Intrahepatic*
  • Pulmonary Circulation / physiology*
  • Renal Circulation / physiology*