Treatment of benign positional vertigo using heels-over-head rotation

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1998 Dec;107(12):1046-53. doi: 10.1177/000348949810701209.


Particle repositioning, using either bedside techniques or whole-body manipulation devices, has been used effectively to treat benign positional vertigo (BPV). We assessed the efficacy of particle repositioning using a device designed and built specifically to treat BPV that rotated patients 360 degrees heels-over-head in their sagittal body plane while their heads were turned to align the posterior semicircular canal with the plane of rotation. Eye movements were monitored during the maneuver by an infrared video recording system that allowed subsequent review of the induced nystagmus. Our results indicate that 1) heels-over-head rotation is an extremely efficacious procedure for treating patients with BPV and 2) the pattern of nystagmus during repositioning is consistent with the theory that free-floating debris is highly likely to account for BPV.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Equipment Design
  • Equipment and Supplies
  • Eye Movements / physiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nystagmus, Physiologic / physiology
  • Posture / physiology*
  • Rotation*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vertigo / etiology*
  • Vertigo / physiopathology
  • Vertigo / therapy*