Structure of an IkappaBalpha/NF-kappaB complex

Cell. 1998 Dec 11;95(6):749-58. doi: 10.1016/s0092-8674(00)81698-0.


The inhibitory protein, IkappaBalpha, sequesters the transcription factor, NF-kappaB, as an inactive complex in the cytoplasm. The structure of the IkappaBalpha ankyrin repeat domain, bound to a partially truncated NF-kappaB heterodimer (p50/ p65), has been determined by X-ray crystallography at 2.7 A resolution. It shows a stack of six IkappaBalpha ankyrin repeats facing the C-terminal domains of the NF-kappaB Rel homology regions. Contacts occur in discontinuous patches, suggesting a combinatorial quality for ankyrin repeat specificity. The first two repeats cover an alpha helically ordered segment containing the p65 nuclear localization signal. The position of the sixth ankyrin repeat shows that full-length IkappaBalpha will occlude the NF-kappaB DNA-binding cleft. The orientation of IkappaBalpha in the complex places its N- and C-terminal regions in appropriate locations for their known regulatory functions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Ankyrins / chemistry
  • Ankyrins / metabolism
  • Binding Sites
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology
  • Dimerization
  • I-kappa B Proteins*
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha
  • NF-kappa B / chemistry*
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • NF-kappa B p50 Subunit
  • Protein Conformation
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / physiology
  • Transcription Factor RelA


  • Ankyrins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • I-kappa B Proteins
  • NF-kappa B
  • NF-kappa B p50 Subunit
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Transcription Factor RelA
  • NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha

Associated data

  • PDB/1NFI