Background & aims: Despite extensive investigations of portal vein thrombosis, no underlying cause is identifiable in up to 30% of patients. A recently described mutation of the prothrombin gene at nucleotide position 20210 is associated with history of venous thrombosis and was assessed in this study.
Methods: We compared the frequency of factor II G20210A and factor V G1691A (factor V Leiden) mutations in 10 patients with idiopathic portal vein thrombosis, 10 patients with nonidiopathic portal vein thrombosis, 60 patients with deep vein thrombosis of the legs, and 42 control subjects.
Results: The frequency of factor II G20210A mutation was increased in patients with idiopathic portal vein thrombosis (40.0%; confidence interval, 3.1%-76.9%) compared with controls (4.8%; confidence interval, 0%-11.5%) or patients with nonidiopathic portal vein thrombosis or deep vein thrombosis (P = 0.0001). In contrast, the frequency of the factor V G1691A mutation was similar in subjects with portal vein thrombosis and in controls but was increased in patients with deep vein thrombosis (P = 0.0001).
Conclusions: The factor II G20210A mutation is frequent in patients with idiopathic portal vein thrombosis and should therefore be assessed under this circumstance.