Background & aims: Hepatic involvement in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is common but often asymptomatic. However, in some cases, the vascular lesions that involve the liver may lead to high-output cardiac failure and pulmonary hypertension that is predominant over hepatobiliary manifestations. Liver transplantation and treatment of these complications are described and discussed in this article.
Methods: Three patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and hepatic involvement received transplants. They had pulmonary hypertension and chronic right-sided heart failure caused by disseminated intrahepatic telangiectasias with shunts between the hepatic artery and hepatic veins or portal vein. Left-to-right intrahepatic shunt output was estimated to range between 51% and 57.5% of cardiac output.
Results: Hyperdynamic circulation disappeared after liver transplantation in all patients. Results of computed tomography and right-sided heart catheterization performed 6 months later were normal. Follow-up periods currently are 65, 53, and 29 months, and each patient continues to be asymptomatic.
Conclusions: This report suggests that liver transplantation can be considered as an alternative and successful curative treatment that may prevent the irreversible evolution of cardiopulmonary disease.