Background: The endoscopic hemoclip method is a safe and effective hemostatic method for managing bleeding peptic ulcers. We compared the hemostatic efficacy of the endoscopic hemoclip method with that of hypertonic saline-epinephrine (HSE) injection and a combined method in the management of bleeding peptic ulcers.
Methods: From July 1994 to July 1997, we conducted a randomized clinical trial of endoscopic hemostasis involving 124 patients with actively bleeding or visible vessels at endoscopic inspection.
Results: Patients were randomly assigned to hemoclip (41 patients), HSE (41 patients), and combined treatment groups (42 patients). Initial hemostasis was achieved in 97.6%, 95.1%, and 97.6% of cases, respectively. Recurrent bleeding developed in 2.4%, 14.6%, and 9.5% of cases. Emergency operations were performed in 4.9%, 14.6%, and 2.3% of cases. The hemostasis rate was 71.4%, 50%, and 66.7% for spurting hemorrhage in each group. Permanent hemostasis was achieved in 95.1%, 85.4%, and 95.2% of cases. Three patients had complications, all in the HSE group.
Conclusions: The hemoclip method is an effective hemostatic procedure and is safer than HSE injection. The combined method does not provide substantial advantage over use of the hemoclip method alone in the hemostatic management of bleeding peptic ulcers.