Actinomyces serovar WVA963 coaggregation-defective mutant strain PK2407 secretes lactose-sensitive adhesin that binds to coaggregation partner Streptococcus oralis 34

Oral Microbiol Immunol. 1998 Dec;13(6):337-40. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-302x.1998.tb00688.x.


Actinomyces serovar WVA963 strain PK1259 mediates intergeneric coaggregation with several oral streptococci. These lactose-inhibitable coaggregations appear to involve a 95-kDa putative actinomyces adhesin in complex with type 2 fimbriae. A coaggregation-defective strain PK2407 lacking type 2 fimbriae synthesizes the putative adhesin but appears unable to present it properly on its surface. Antiserum was raised against surface sonicates of PK2407 and was absorbed with a different coaggregation-defective mutant PK3092 that synthesizes type 2 fimbriae but no adhesin. This absorbed antiserum specifically blocked lactose-inhibitable coaggregation of wild-type strain PK1259 and Streptococcus oralis 34 and identified a 95-kDa protein in ammonium sulfate precipitates of culture supernatant of the coaggregation-defective mutant PK2407. The 95-kDa secreted protein was bound to the streptococcal partner cells and to lactose-agarose affinity beads and was released by lactose from both the affinity beads and partner, indicating that the secreted and precipitated protein is biochemically active and may mediate coaggregation with streptococci.

MeSH terms

  • Actinomyces / immunology
  • Actinomyces / metabolism
  • Actinomyces / physiology*
  • Adhesins, Bacterial / chemistry
  • Adhesins, Bacterial / immunology
  • Adhesins, Bacterial / metabolism*
  • Bacterial Adhesion / physiology*
  • Ecosystem
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Fimbriae, Bacterial / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Molecular Weight
  • Mutation
  • Serotyping
  • Streptococcus oralis / metabolism
  • Streptococcus oralis / physiology


  • Adhesins, Bacterial