Cloning and characterization of the polyhydroxybutyrate depolymerase gene of Pseudomonas stutzeri and analysis of the function of substrate-binding domains

Appl Environ Microbiol. 1999 Jan;65(1):189-97. doi: 10.1128/AEM.65.1.189-197.1999.


The extracellular polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) depolymerase gene (phaZPst) of Pseudomonas stutzeri was cloned and sequenced. phaZPst was composed of 1,728 bp encoding a protein of 576 amino acids. Analyses of the N-terminal amino acid sequence and the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrum of the purified enzyme showed that the mature enzyme consisted of 538 amino acids with a deduced molecular mass of 57,506 Da. Analysis of the deduced amino acid sequence of the protein revealed a domain structure containing a catalytic domain, putative linker region, and two putative substrate-binding domains (SBDI and SBDII). The putative linker region was similar to the repeating units of the cadherin-like domain of chitinase A from Vibrio harveyi and chitinase B from Clostridium paraputrificum. The binding characteristics of SBDs to poly([R]-3-hydroxybutyrate) [P(3HB)] and chitin granules were characterized by using fusion proteins of SBDs with glutathione S-transferase (GST). These GST fusion proteins with SBDII and SBDI showed binding activity toward P(3HB) granules but did not bind on chitin granules. It has been suggested that the SBDs of the depolymerase interact specifically with the surface of P(3HB). In addition, a kinetic analysis for the enzymatic hydrolysis of 3-hydroxybutyrate oligomers of various sizes has suggested that the catalytic domain of the enzyme recognizes at least two monomeric units as substrates.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases / chemistry
  • Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases / genetics*
  • Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases / metabolism*
  • Catalytic Domain
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA Primers / genetics
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Genes, Bacterial*
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Pseudomonas / enzymology*
  • Pseudomonas / genetics*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Substrate Specificity


  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases
  • poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate depolymerase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AB012225