Clear cell sarcoma of tendons and aponeuroses (malignant melanoma of soft parts) and cutaneous melanoma: exploring the histogenetic relationship between these two clinicopathological entities

J Pathol. 1998 Sep;186(1):3-7. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-9896(199809)186:1<3::AID-PATH153>3.0.CO;2-V.


Clear cell sarcoma of tendons and aponeuroses (CCS) has come to be recognized as a distinct histopathological entity in the last three to four decades. It shares a number of histological and ultrastructural features with cutaneous melanoma (MM), occasionally creating diagnostic difficulties with metastatic melanoma in the absence of a known primary cutaneous tumour. At a genetic level, a t(12;22) has been identified in 60-75 per cent of cases of CCS using karyotype analysis, while MM demonstrates a broad range of genetic alterations, most commonly appearing to involve chromosomes 1, 5, and 6. Although these two tumour types share many common microscopic, and thus histogenetic, similarities, the genotypic evidence supports two distinct histopathological entities.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / genetics*
  • Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology
  • Humans
  • Karyotyping
  • Muscle Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Muscle Neoplasms / pathology
  • Sarcoma, Clear Cell / genetics*
  • Sarcoma, Clear Cell / pathology
  • Skin Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • Tendons*
  • Translocation, Genetic