Objectives: To verify morbidity estimates in central Sardinia, Italy.
Methods: A prevalence study was performed in the province of Nuoro, Central Sardinia, which has a population of 273,768 inhabitants (135,383 men and 138,385 women). A complete enumeration approach was adopted by using all possible case-collection sources.
Results: On prevalence day, December 31, 1993, 394 subjects (124 men and 270 women) living in the study area were known to suffer from definite and probable MS, giving a crude prevalence rate of 143.9 cases per 100,000 people, 91.6 for males and 195.11 for females. The crude prevalence estimated on December 31, 1985, based on 282 MS cases alive in the study area, was 102.94 per 100,000.
Conclusion: This study reinforced central Sardinia's position as a high and rising prevalence area for MS.