Angioarchitecture of the coeliac sympathetic ganglion complex in the common tree shrew (Tupaia glis)

J Anat. 1998 Oct;193 ( Pt 3)(Pt 3):409-16. doi: 10.1046/j.1469-7580.1998.19330409.x.


The angioarchitecture of the coeliac sympathetic ganglion complex (CGC) of the common tree shrew (Tupaia glis) was studied by the vascular corrosion cast technique in conjunction with scanning electron microscopy. The CGC of the tree shrew was found to be a highly vascularised organ. It normally received arterial blood supply from branches of the inferior phrenic, superior suprarenal and inferior suprarenal arteries and of the abdominal aorta. In some animals, its blood supply was also derived from branches of the middle suprarenal arteries, coeliac artery, superior mesenteric artery and lumbar arteries. These arteries penetrated the ganglion at variable points and in slightly different patterns. They gave off peripheral branches to form a subcapsular capillary plexus while their main trunks traversed deeply into the inner part before branching into the densely packed intraganglionic capillary networks. The capillaries merged to form venules before draining into collecting veins at the peripheral region of the ganglion complex. Finally, the veins coursed to the dorsal aspect of the ganglion to drain into the renal and inferior phrenic veins and the inferior vena cava. The capillaries on the coeliac ganglion complex do not possess fenestrations.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aorta, Abdominal / anatomy & histology
  • Arteries / ultrastructure
  • Capillaries / ultrastructure
  • Celiac Artery / anatomy & histology
  • Corrosion Casting
  • Female
  • Ganglia, Sympathetic / blood supply*
  • Male
  • Mesenteric Arteries / anatomy & histology
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Renal Veins / anatomy & histology
  • Tupaia / anatomy & histology*
  • Veins / ultrastructure
  • Vena Cava, Inferior / anatomy & histology