Evaluation of PCR-based methods and ribotyping performed with a mixture of PstI and SphI to differentiate strains of Salmonella serotype Enteritidis

J Med Microbiol. 1998 May;47(5):427-34. doi: 10.1099/00222615-47-5-427.


The capacity to differentiate Salmonella serotype Enteritidis strains by PCR ribotyping; RAPD typing with three arbitrary primers and ribotyping with a mixture of PstI and SphI or 'PS ribotyping', was evaluated on a series of 65 strains associated with human infections and 11 reference strains. The series had been analysed previously by phage typing and ribotyping performed with PstI and SphI, separately. All methods typed all the strains; however, only ribotyping showed good reproducibility and sensitivity. Twenty-two PS ribotypes (discrimination index = 0.74) were identified, differentiating strains ascribed to seven phage types (PTs 1, 4, 6, 6a, 7, 8 and RDNC) as well as phage untyped strains. Conversely, some strains of PTs, 1, 4, 5a, 6, 6a, 7, 34 and RDNC showed the most frequent PS ribotype. By PCR ribotyping a single profile was found; while by RAPD typing, one, two or three RAPD types were identified with the primers MK22, OPB6 and OPB17, respectively. All Spanish strains were assigned to a single combined RAPD type, except PT11 strains which showed a different and specific RAPD type with OPB17. The banding patterns defining the PS ribotypes were interpreted more easily and the patterns could be compared more accurately than the banding patterns defining RAPD types. A similarity dendrogram generated from the 22 PS ribotypes was traced and compared with RAPD types and phage types. Data from this work indicated that 'PS ribotyping' was the most useful genetic procedure to differentiate Enteritidis strains, and, therefore, it can be used as a complementary or alternative typing method to phage typing within this serotype.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Typing Techniques* / statistics & numerical data
  • Bacteriophage Typing
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • DNA, Ribosomal / genetics
  • Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Humans
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / statistics & numerical data
  • Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique / statistics & numerical data
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Salmonella Infections / microbiology
  • Salmonella enteritidis / classification*
  • Salmonella enteritidis / genetics*
  • Salmonella enteritidis / isolation & purification
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Serotyping


  • DNA, Bacterial
  • DNA, Ribosomal
  • endodeoxyribonuclease PaeI
  • CTGCAG-specific type II deoxyribonucleases
  • Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific