The blue light receptor cryptochrome 1 can act independently of phytochrome A and B in Arabidopsis thaliana

Plant J. 1998 Nov;16(4):465-71. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-313x.1998.00322.x.


Blue light responses in higher plants can be mediated not only by specific blue light receptors, but also by the red/far-red photoreversible phytochrome system. The question of interdependence between these photoreceptors has been debated over many years. The availability of Arabidopsis mutants for the blue light receptor CRY1 and for the two major phytochromes phyA and phyB allows a reinvestigation of this question. The analysis of photocontrol of seed germination, inhibition of hypocotyl growth and anthocyanin accumulation clearly demonstrates that (i) phyA shows a strong control in blue light responses especially at low fluence rates; (ii) phyB mediated induction reactions can be reversed by subsequent blue light irradiations; and (iii) CRY1 mediates blue light controlled inhibition of hypocotyl growth only at fluence rates higher than 5 mumol m-2s-1 and independently of phytochrome A and B.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / physiology*
  • Arabidopsis / radiation effects
  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • Biological Clocks
  • Cryptochromes
  • Drosophila Proteins*
  • Eye Proteins*
  • Flavoproteins / metabolism*
  • Light
  • Lighting
  • Photoreceptor Cells*
  • Photoreceptor Cells, Invertebrate*
  • Phytochrome / metabolism*
  • Phytochrome A
  • Phytochrome B
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism*
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Seeds / physiology
  • Transcription Factors*


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • CRY1 protein, Arabidopsis
  • Cryptochromes
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Eye Proteins
  • Flavoproteins
  • PHYA protein, Arabidopsis
  • PHYB protein, Arabidopsis
  • Phytochrome A
  • Plant Proteins
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Transcription Factors
  • cry protein, Drosophila
  • Phytochrome
  • Phytochrome B