Visual, cognitive, and neurodevelopmental outcome at 51/2 years in children with perinatal haemorrhagic-ischaemic brain lesions

Dev Med Child Neurol. 1998 Dec;40(12):820-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.1998.tb12359.x.


To determine predictive values of early visual and neurocognitive assessment in children with perinatally acquired haemorrhagic or ischaemic brain lesions selected on the basis of ultrasound, 63 children (37 boys, 26 girls), who had been followed and examined until the age of 18 months, were reexamined at 5 1/2 years. Good correlations between visual and neurodevelopmental assessments at 18 months and at 5 1/2 years were found. When ultrasound abnormalities were combined with early visual and neurocognitive assessment data, good predictive values, especially for the group of children who had grade 2 to 4 leukomalacia, were found for visual acuity and neurodevelopment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Brain / abnormalities*
  • Brain / pathology
  • Brain Ischemia / complications*
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / complications*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cognition*
  • Developmental Disabilities / diagnosis
  • Developmental Disabilities / etiology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Nervous System / growth & development
  • Neurologic Examination
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Visual Acuity*