Coats' disease and persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous. Role of MR imaging and CT

Radiol Clin North Am. 1998 Nov;36(6):1119-31, x. doi: 10.1016/s0033-8389(05)70235-9.

Abstract

Coats' disease is an idiopathic disorder in which telangiectatic and aneurysmal retinal vessels leak a lipoproteinaceous exudate, with consequent bullous retinal detachment. It is a diagnostic challenge, and CT and MR imaging provide valuable information to differentiate it from other pathologies, particularly from retinoblastoma. Typical, advanced Coats' disease shows on CT a denser substance posterior to the vitreous, which on MR is hyperintense on all pulse sequences. Contrast administration on both CT and MR might give slight linear enhancement at the boundary between vitreous and exudation. Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV) is a unilateral disorder in a microphthalmic eye, seen in full-term infants. PHPV rarely is bilateral in patients with Norrie's disease, Warburg syndrome, or patients with retinal dysplasia. Persistent fetal vasculature leads to fibrosis, resulting in elongation of the ciliary processes, retinal detachment, and spontaneous cataracts. The CT appearance in the disorder is quite variable; however, MR imaging may be superior in demonstrating the enhancing retrolental mass and the elongated ciliary processes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aneurysm / diagnosis*
  • Aneurysm / diagnostic imaging
  • Ciliary Body / diagnostic imaging
  • Ciliary Body / pathology
  • Contrast Media
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Hyperplasia
  • Image Enhancement
  • Infant
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Microphthalmos / diagnosis
  • Microphthalmos / diagnostic imaging
  • Radiographic Image Enhancement
  • Retinal Detachment / diagnosis*
  • Retinal Detachment / diagnostic imaging
  • Retinal Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Retinal Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Retinal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Retinal Vessels / diagnostic imaging
  • Retinal Vessels / pathology*
  • Retinoblastoma / diagnosis
  • Telangiectasis / diagnosis*
  • Telangiectasis / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*
  • Vitreous Body / blood supply
  • Vitreous Body / diagnostic imaging
  • Vitreous Body / pathology*

Substances

  • Contrast Media