Partial trisomy 8q and partial monosomy 15q associated with congenital hydrocephalus, diaphragmatic hernia, urinary tract anomalies, congenital heart defect and kyphoscoliosis

Prenat Diagn. 1998 Dec;18(12):1289-93. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1097-0223(199812)18:12<1289::aid-pd432>;2-y.


We describe perinatal findings in a female fetus with partial trisomy 8q(8q24.1-->8qter) and partial monosomy 15q(15q26.1-->15qter) resulting from a paternal t(8;15) reciprocal translocation. Prenatal sonographic examination showed intra-uterine growth retardation, bilateral ventriculomegaly, cardiomegaly with arrhythmia, anhydramnios, and absent kidney and urinary bladder images. The pregnancy was terminated at 28 weeks of gestation. At birth, the infant manifested typical dysmorphic features of partial trisomy 8q. Necropsy further revealed hydrocephalus, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, ventricular septal defect, a horseshoe kidney with renal hypoplasia, and kyphoscoliosis. Our case shows that the coexistence of partial trisomy 8q24.1-->8qter and partial monosomy 15q26.1-->15qter are more detrimental than either defect alone and can result in a complex of major malformations. Prenatal ultrasound examination and cytogenetic assessment should be offered in subsequent pregnancies.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / diagnostic imaging
  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics*
  • Adult
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8*
  • Female
  • Fetal Growth Retardation / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / genetics
  • Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus / diagnostic imaging
  • Hydrocephalus / genetics
  • Kyphosis / congenital
  • Male
  • Monosomy*
  • Pregnancy
  • Trisomy*
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal
  • Urinary Tract / abnormalities
  • Urologic Diseases / congenital