MR imaging in pelvic inflammatory disease: comparison with laparoscopy and US

Radiology. 1999 Jan;210(1):209-16. doi: 10.1148/radiology.210.1.r99ja04209.


Purpose: To assess the value of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and to compare MR imaging with transvaginal ultrasonography (US) and laparoscopy.

Materials and methods: Thirty consecutive patients hospitalized because they were clinically suspected of having PID underwent transvaginal US and T1-weighted spin-echo, T2-weighted turbo spin-echo, and inversion-recovery MR imaging at 1.5 T. All patients underwent laparoscopy after MR imaging.

Results: PID was laparoscopically proved in 21 (70%) patients. The MR imaging diagnosis agreed with that obtained with laparoscopy in 20 (95%) of the 21 patients with PID. The imaging findings for PID were as follows: fluid-filled tube, pyosalpinx, tubo-ovarian abscess, or polycystic-like ovaries and free pelvic fluid. Findings at transvaginal US agreed with those at laparoscopy in 17 (81%) of the 21 patients with PID. The sensitivity of MR imaging in the diagnosis of PID was 95%, the specificity was 89%, and the overall accuracy was 93%. For transvaginal US, the corresponding values were 81%, 78%, and 80%.

Conclusion: MR imaging is more accurate than transvaginal US in the diagnosis of PID and provides information about the differential diagnosis of PID. MR imaging may reduce the need for diagnostic laparoscopy.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Middle Aged
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease / diagnosis*
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease / diagnostic imaging
  • Prospective Studies
  • Ultrasonography