Purpose: To assess the value of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and to compare MR imaging with transvaginal ultrasonography (US) and laparoscopy.
Materials and methods: Thirty consecutive patients hospitalized because they were clinically suspected of having PID underwent transvaginal US and T1-weighted spin-echo, T2-weighted turbo spin-echo, and inversion-recovery MR imaging at 1.5 T. All patients underwent laparoscopy after MR imaging.
Results: PID was laparoscopically proved in 21 (70%) patients. The MR imaging diagnosis agreed with that obtained with laparoscopy in 20 (95%) of the 21 patients with PID. The imaging findings for PID were as follows: fluid-filled tube, pyosalpinx, tubo-ovarian abscess, or polycystic-like ovaries and free pelvic fluid. Findings at transvaginal US agreed with those at laparoscopy in 17 (81%) of the 21 patients with PID. The sensitivity of MR imaging in the diagnosis of PID was 95%, the specificity was 89%, and the overall accuracy was 93%. For transvaginal US, the corresponding values were 81%, 78%, and 80%.
Conclusion: MR imaging is more accurate than transvaginal US in the diagnosis of PID and provides information about the differential diagnosis of PID. MR imaging may reduce the need for diagnostic laparoscopy.