Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 7 (ERK7), a novel ERK with a C-terminal domain that regulates its activity, its cellular localization, and cell growth

Mol Cell Biol. 1999 Feb;19(2):1301-12. doi: 10.1128/MCB.19.2.1301.


Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases play distinct roles in a variety of cellular signaling pathways and are regulated through multiple mechanisms. In this study, a novel 61-kDa member of the MAP kinase family, termed extracellular signal-regulated kinase 7 (ERK7), has been cloned and characterized. Although it has the signature TEY activation motif of ERK1 and ERK2, ERK7 is not activated by extracellular stimuli that typically activate ERK1 and ERK2 or by common activators of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 kinase. Instead, ERK7 has appreciable constitutive activity in serum-starved cells that is dependent on the presence of its C-terminal domain. Interestingly, the C-terminal tail, not the kinase domain, of ERK7 regulates its nuclear localization and inhibition of growth. Taken together, these results elucidate a novel type of MAP kinase whereby interactions via its C-terminal tail, rather than extracellular signal-mediated activation cascades, regulate its activity, localization, and function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites / genetics
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / chemistry*
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / genetics
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Cell Division
  • Cell Line
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphorylation
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Signal Transduction
  • Subcellular Fractions / enzymology
  • Testis / metabolism
  • Tissue Distribution


  • DNA, Complementary
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
  • Mapk15 protein, rat
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF078798