Fetal growth

Clin Perinatol. 1998 Dec;25(4):917-38, vii.


Fetal growth requires the correct balance of nutrients, oxygen, and growth factors operating under the direction of a genetic plan modified by maternal factors. The classic hormones of postnatal growth play differing roles with alternative controls compared to those after birth. The study of conditions of abnormal fetal growth illuminates the mechanism of normal fetal growth. It is now apparent that abnormal birth weight leads to long-term consequences.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Embryonic and Fetal Development / physiology*
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / physiology
  • Fetal Growth Retardation / etiology*
  • Fetal Growth Retardation / physiopathology*
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors / physiology
  • Growth Substances / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight / growth & development
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Insulin / physiology
  • Oncogenes / physiology
  • Somatomedins / physiology


  • Growth Substances
  • Insulin
  • Somatomedins
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors
  • Epidermal Growth Factor