Eye inflammation, especially uveitis, is a prominent feature of spondyloarthropathies. Uveitis associated with ankylosing spondylitis and Reiter's syndrome usually is a unilateral acute anterior uveitis with a high tendency to recur sometimes in the contralateral eye. Uveitis associated with undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy, inflammatory bowel disease, and psoriasis may be less characteristic in its presentation, with a higher tendency to posterior pole involvement, bilaterality, and chronicity. Although acute anterior uveitis is grouped into the spectrum of human leukocyte antigen B27-related disease, other genetic and environmental factors including infections by gram-negative bacteria and gut inflammation can play a role in its pathogenesis. The prognosis of uveitis usually is excellent with topical treatment, and only those with posterior pole involvement or a high tendency to recur or to chronicity might benefit from immunosuppressive therapy.