Biomaterials used in urology: current issues of biocompatibility, infection, and encrustation

J Endourol. 1998 Dec;12(6):493-500. doi: 10.1089/end.1998.12.493.


This review focuses on the biomaterials used in urology, in particular, the properties of urethral catheters and ureteral stents currently being used in clinical practice. The importance of biomaterial type, biocompatibility, and encrustations are discussed and explained. Current management of bacterial infection and the importance of biofilms are presented, with recommendations based on published information.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Infections / etiology*
  • Biofilms
  • Crystallization
  • Equipment Contamination*
  • Humans
  • Materials Testing*
  • Stents*
  • Urinary Catheterization / instrumentation*
  • Urinary Tract Infections / etiology*